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June 17, 2021
The queen bee has always been the focus of attention of beekeepers. It is not only directly related to the development speed of the bee colony, but also determines the economic benefits of beekeeping to a large extent. In fact, experienced beekeepers will artificially raise kings and have It is planned to introduce queen bee to improve the characteristics of bee species. Let's take a look at the techniques and precautions of bee breeding and king bee breeding!
1. Immigration King
Implantation is the most popular artificial king breeding technology at present. The specific operation is to use the king stick and beeswax to make the artificial king table, and then use the insect needle to select the young worker bee larva from the mother colony and move it to the artificial king table. The artificial king station that has been transplanted can be inserted into the Yuwang group. The advantage is that it can raise the king in batches and can independently select the Yuwang larvae, but the disadvantage is that it may be difficult to operate, especially during the transfer.
2. Cut the spleen and raise the king
The operation of cutting the spleen and raising the king is relatively simpler than transferring the queen bee. The specific operation is to transfer the queen bee to another place for temporary storage, and wait 6 to 8 hours after the bee colony loses the king, and propose that there is an egg spleen in the hive. Then use a knife to cut a rectangular cavity in the egg-worm concentration area and expose the eggs or larvae on the upper edge of the incision, and finally put the spleen back into the hive so that the bee colonies that have lost their kings can make a king table along the incision to re-bred the king.
3. Adjust the spleen
The principle of adjusting the spleen and breeding the king is exactly the same as cutting the spleen and breeding the king. The specific operation is to transfer some spleens with fertilized eggs or small larvae to the aberrant colony. In fact, the queen colony must have worker bee larvae of the right age. Urgently build the king's platform, so after adjusting the spleen, the lost king group can use these fertilized eggs and larvae to make the king's platform urgently. After the king's platform is closed, the best quality king can be reserved to intervene in the bees that need to change the king or the king. Group.
4. The same box education king
The same box educating king is also realized by using the principle of emergency king-making platform. The specific operation is to use a partition to separate the beehive and the bees on both sides of the beehive and open a nest door on the side of the non-hive door, but the side without the queen bee must be There must be fertilized eggs or small worker bee larvae, so that after 1 to 2 days after treatment, the queen bee-free side will have an emergency royal platform. At this time, the beekeeper only needs to choose the royal platform with good quality and location to get more. Queen bee.
5. Matters needing attention
The transfer of the young worker bee larvae within three days of age. If the larva is more than three days old, it can no longer develop into a queen bee. In terms of quality and operation, it is generally recommended to transfer the young worker bee larvae of one day old.
When cutting the spleen and raising the king, it is necessary to artificially cause the bee colony to lose the king, but the original queen bee is best placed in other places for a period of time, because if the king bee fails, the original queen bee can be re-entered in the colony.
The quality of the queen bee depends on the mother colony and the drones that mate with it. Therefore, a colony with better genetic characteristics should be selected as the mother colony. At the same time, a colony that can maintain a strong colony and is highly productive should be used to breed drones.